Afghan Endgames

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248 pp., 6 x 9
ISBN: 9781589019089 (1589019083)

ISBN: 9781589019096

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January 2012
LC: 2011036098
Sales Rights: Not for sale in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Afghanistan

South Asia in World Affairs series


Table of Contents
Press Release

Afghan Endgames
Strategy and Policy Choices for America's Longest War
Hy Rothstein and John Arquilla, Editors

2012 Illustrated Cover Award, Large Nonprofit Publishers Category of the Washington Publishers Book Design and Effectiveness Awards, Honorable Mention
The United States and its allies have been fighting the Taliban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan for a decade in a war that either side could still win. While a gradual drawdown has begun, significant numbers of US combat troops will remain in Afghanistan until at least 2014, perhaps longer, depending on the situation on the ground and the outcome of the US presidential election in 2012. Given the realities of the Taliban's persistence and the desire of US policymakers—and the public—to find a way out, what can and should be the goals of the US and its allies in Afghanistan?

Afghan Endgames brings together some of the finest minds in the fields of history, strategy, anthropology, ethics, and mass communications to provide a clear, balanced, and comprehensive assessment of the alternatives for restoring peace and stability to Afghanistan. Presenting a range of options—from immediate withdrawal of all coalition forces to the maintenance of an open-ended, but greatly reduced military presence—the contributors weigh the many costs, risks, and benefits of each alternative.

This important book boldly pursues several strands of thought suggesting that a strong, legitimate central government is far from likely to emerge in Kabul; that fewer coalition forces, used in creative ways, may have better effects on the ground than a larger, more conventional presence; and that, even though Pakistan should not be pushed too hard, so as to avoid sparking social chaos there, Afghanistan's other neighbors can and should be encouraged to become more actively involved. The volume's editors conclude that while there may never be complete peace in Afghanistan, a self-sustaining security system able to restore order swiftly in the wake of violence is attainable.
Hy Rothstein served in the US Army as a Special Forces officer for more than 26 years, spending much of his time training and advising governments threatened by active insurgencies. He is currently a senior lecturer in the Department of Defense Analysis at the US Naval Postgraduate School. He is the author of Afghanistan and the Troubled Future of Unconventional Warfare.

John Arquilla is a professor of defense analysis at the US Naval Postgraduate School and is the author of Insurgents, Raiders, and Bandits: How Masters of Irregular Warfare Have Shaped Our World.
T.V. Paul, Series Editor
"A compilation of cutting-edge opinion on how to best wrap up this 'longest war'…a welcom level-headed and varied look at this most pressing of policy problems."—Asian Affairs

"Timely and mind-broadening . . . useful for those who want to consider the campaign from different perspectives. And for anyone who wants to frame a better understanding of what the United States will have accomplished by 2014."—Proceedings

"At a time when many scholars are thinking of failure in Afghanistan, this book says that the key to success is greater creativity in finding alternative endstates that can serve our interests. That advice could not be more timely. It offers a chance to think afresh. It also offers a new perspective on strategic goal setting for issues still in the future."—Leon Fuerth, former national security advisor to Vice President Al Gore, and research professor of international affairs, The George Washington University

"A thoughtful group of essays that are particularly valuable for presenting a range of views at a critical juncture in the American experience in Afghanistan."—Eliot A. Cohen, Osgood Professor of Strategic Studies, Johns Hopkins University

Table of Contents

Part I: Overview

1. Understanding the Afghan Challenge
Hy Rothstein and John Arquilla

2. A Familiar Western Experience in Ancient Afghanistan
Victor Davis Hanson

3. Afghan Paradoxes
Thomas Barfield

4. America's Longest War
Hy Rothstein

Part II: Strategic Alternatives

5. A Case for Withdrawal
Andrew J. Bacevich

6. A Case for Staying the Course
Frederick W. Kagan

7. Afghanistan: A Third Way
Edward N. Luttwak

8. Beyond Victory and Defeat
Scott Sigmund Gartner and Leo Blanken

Part III: Other Perspectives

9. The Ethics of Exit: Moral Obligation in the Afghan Endgame
Russell Muirhead

10. Shaping Strategic Communication
Robert Reilly

11. Civil and Uncivil Society
Jade I. Rodriguez and Rebecca Lorentz

Part IV: Conclusion

12. Conclusion: Assessing the Strategic Alternatives
John Arquilla and Hy Rothstein