Israel's Long War with Hezbollah

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320 pp., 6 x 9
Hardcover
ISBN: 9781626166103 (1626166102)

320 pp., 6 x 9
Paperback
ISBN: 9781626166110 (1626166110)


October 2018

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Israel's Long War with Hezbollah
Military Innovation and Adaptation Under Fire
Raphael D. Marcus
The ongoing conflict between Israel and the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah is now in its fourth decade and shows no signs of ending. Raphael D. Marcus examines this conflict since the formation of Hezbollah during Israel's occupation of Lebanon in the early 1980s. He critically evaluates events including Israel's long counterguerrilla campaign throughout the 1990s, the Israeli withdrawal in 2000, the 2006 summer war, and concludes with an assessment of current tensions on the border between Israel and Lebanon related to the Syrian civil war.

Israel's Long War with Hezbollah is both the first complete military history of this decades-long conflict and an analysis of military innovation and adaptation. The book is based on unique fieldwork in Israel and Lebanon, extensive research into Hebrew and Arabic primary sources, and dozens of interviews Marcus conducted with Israeli defense officials, high-ranking military officers of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), United Nations personnel, a Hezbollah official, and Western diplomats. As an expert on organizational learning, Marcus analyzes an ongoing process of strategic and operational innovation and adaptation by both the IDF and Hezbollah during the long guerrilla conflict. His conclusions illustrate the complexity of military adaptation under fire.

With Hezbollah playing an ongoing role in the civil war in Syria and the simmering hostilities on the Israel-Lebanon border, students, scholars, diplomats, and military practitioners with an interest in Middle Eastern security issues, Israeli military history, and military innovation and adaptation can ill afford to neglect this book.
Raphael D. Marcus is a nonresident fellow at the Insurgency Research Group in the Department of War Studies, King's College London, where he received his PhD. His research interests include Middle East security issues, terrorism, military affairs, and organizational learning. He is currently working as an intelligence and counterterrorism analyst at a law-enforcement agency.
Reviews
"This is a timely book that thoroughly investigates how the IDF learned and adapted based on its extensive operational and tactical experience. Israel's Long War with Hezbollah fills a hole in the field by developing an evidence-based approach to exploring how wartime innovation and adaptation occurs in very practical terms. Marcus has produced an accessible and readable account of Israeli efforts that has application beyond that country's context. This is an invaluable addition to the field and is essential to anyone interested in military culture, organizational learning, and military effectiveness."—Frank Hoffman, Distinguished Research Fellow, National Defense University, Washington DC

Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Contents
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
Introduction

Part I: Strategic Adaptation
Introduction to Part I
Chapter 1: IDF "Routine Security" and the Evolution of Hezbollah (1985-92)
Chapter 2: Deterrence, Guerrilla Warfare, and the Establishment of the "Rules of the Game" (1993-99)
Chapter 3: A Change in the Strategic Equation: The IDF Withdrawal from Lebanon (2000)
Chapter 4: The Erosion of Deterrence, the 2006 War, and the Dahiya Doctrine (2000-17)
Conclusion to Part I

Part II: Operational Adaptation
Introduction to Part II
Chapter 5: The Origins of the RMA in Israel
Chapter 6: The RMA in Action: IDF Operations in Lebanon and Hezbollah's Adaptation in the 1990s
Chapter 7: The Rise of the IDF's Operational Theory Research Institute and Systemic Operational Design 
Chapter 8: The 2006 Lebanon War: Military Adaptation and Counteradaptation
Chapter 9: The Blame Game: A Reappraisal of the IDF's 2006 Operational Concept
Conclusion to Part II

Conclusions
Afterword: Back to the Future: IDF Force Planning and Hezbollah's Military Adaptation in Syria 
Chronology
Selected Bibliography
Index
About the Author