From Quills to Tweets

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320 pp., 6 x 9
ISBN: 9781626167117 (1626167117)

320 pp., 6 x 9
ISBN: 9781626167124 (1626167125)

ISBN: 9781626167131

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December 2019
LC: 2019003697


Table of Contents

From Quills to Tweets
How America Communicates about War and Revolution
Andrea J. Dew, Marc A. Genest, and S. C. M. Paine, Editors

While today's presidential tweets may seem a light-year apart from the scratch of quill pens during the era of the American Revolution, the importance of political communication is eternal. This book explores the roles that political narratives, media coverage, and evolving communication technologies have played in precipitating, shaping, and concluding or prolonging wars and revolutions over the course of US history. The case studies begin with the Sons of Liberty in the era of the American Revolution, cover American wars in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and conclude with a look at the conflict against ISIS in the Trump era. Special chapters also examine how propagandists shaped American perceptions of two revolutions of international significance: the Russian Revolution and the Chinese Revolution. Each chapter analyzes its subject through the lens of the messengers, messages, and communications-technology-media to reveal the effects on public opinion and the trajectory and conduct of the conflict. The chapters collectively provide an overview of the history of American strategic communications on wars and revolutions that will interest scholars, students, and communications strategists.

Andrea J. Dew is the Maritime Irregular Warfare Forces Chair and Co-Director of the Center on Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups at the US Naval War College.

Marc A. Genest is the Forrest Sherman Professor of Public Diplomacy in the Strategy and Policy Department at the US Naval War College.

S. C. M. Paine is the William S. Sims University Professor of History and Grand Strategy at the US Naval War College.

"The American way of communicating war dates back to the 18th century and has matured alongside the development of the latest media technologies. For anyone wanting a comprehensive overview of how domestic and global publics have been informed about America's role in armed conflict, From Quills to Tweets is indispensable."—Philip Seib, professor of journalism and public diplomacy and professor of international relations, University of Southern California

"This important new book, edited by three senior members of the Strategy and Policy Department at the U.S. Naval War College, contributes significant knowledge that will be of value to both scholars and practitioners in our information age. Keeping in mind that national security concerns launched and continue to propel the information revolution, From Quills to Tweets uses historical case studies of the United States across three centuries to strengthen our understanding of information as an elemental strategic dimension of war."—H-Diplo

Table of Contents
Introduction: Message, Messenger, Medium, and Political Environment
Andrea J. Dew, Marc A. Genest, and S. C. M. Paine

Part I. Introduction
Committees of Correspondence and Early Newspapers
Marc A. Genest

1. The Message Heard "Round the World" and the First American Political Campaign
Marc A. Genest

2. Why Communications Mattered in the War of 1812
Troy Bickham

Part II. Introduction
Mass Circulation Newspapers, Magazines, and the Telegraph
Marc A. Genest

3. The Communications Revolution during the US Civil War
Martin J. Manning

4. The Cuban Junta in Exile and the Origins of the Spanish-American War
Michelle D. Getchell

5. Narrating the War in the Philippines, 1899-1902
David J. Silbey

6. John Reed and US Perceptions of the Russian Revolution
Bruce A. Elleman

7. Theodore Roosevelt's Verbal Insurgency against Woodrow Wilson in World War I
J. Lee Thompson

Part III. Introduction
Early Mass Media: Print and Radio
Marc A. Genest

8. Edgar Snow and Shaping US Perceptions of the Chinese Civil War
S. C. M. Paine

9. Franklin D. Roosevelt and World War II
Michael G. Carew

10. Selling a Limited War in Korea, 1950-53
Steven Casey

Part IV. Introduction
Mass Media: Print, Radio, Television, and Cable
Marc A. Genest

11. How Presidents Explained Vietnam, 1954-75
David Kaiser

12. American Wartime Communication Strategies during the Gulf War
Judith Baroody

Part V. Introduction
The Twenty-First Century Information Age: Print, Radio, Cable TV, Internet, and Social Media
Andrea J. Dew and Marc A. Genest

13. Struggling to Overcome the Afghan Taliban's Master Narratives
Thomas H. Johnson and Matthew C. DuPée

14. The Challenge of Outcommunicating the Islamic State
Haroro J. Ingram and Craig A. Whiteside

15. Communicating the Global War on Terror from Speeches to Tweets
Andrea J. Dew

Conclusion: Tweaking the Tweets
Andrea J. Dew, Marc A. Genest, S. C. M. Paine

List of Contributors


Judith Baroody Troy Bickham Mike Carew Steven Casey Andrea J. Dew Matthew C. DuPée Bruce A. Elleman Marc A. Genest Michelle Getchell Haroro Ingram Thomas H. Johnson David Kaiser Martin J. Manning S. C. M. Paine David Silbey J. Lee Thompson Craig Whiteside