Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military

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296 pp., 6 x 9
Hardcover
ISBN: 9781626166257 (1626166250)

296 pp., 6 x 9
Paperback
ISBN: 9781626166264 (1626166269)


February 2019

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Women and Gender Perspectives in the Military
An International Comparison
Robert Egnell and Mayesha Alam, Editors
Foreword by Melanne Verveer

Women and Gender in the Military compares the integration of women; gender perspectives; and the women, peace, and security agenda into the armed forces of eight countries plus NATO and United Nations peacekeeping operations. This book brings a much-needed cross-national analysis of how militaries have or have not improved gender balance, what has worked and what has not, and who have been the agents for change.

The country cases examined are Sweden, the Netherlands, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, Australia, and South Africa. Despite increased opportunities for women in the militaries of many countries and wider recognition of the value of including gender perspectives to enhance operational effectiveness, progress has encountered roadblocks even nearly twenty years after United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 kicked off the women, peace, and security agenda. Robert Egnell, Mayesha Alam, and the contributors to this volume conclude that there is no single model for change that can be applied to every country, but the comparative findings reveal many policy-relevant lessons while advancing scholarship about women and gendered perspectives in the military.


Robert Egnell is a professor of military sociology and head of the Department of Security, Strategy, and Leadership at the Swedish Defence University. He is the author or co-author of several books including Complex Peace Operations and Civil-Military Relations, and Counterinsurgency in Crisis.

Mayesha Alam was formerly associate director of Georgetown University's Institute for Women, Peace, and Security and is now a doctoral candidate in political science at Yale University. She is the author of Women and Transitional Justice: Progress and Persistent Challenges in Retributive and Restorative Processes.



Table of Contents
Contents

Foreword by Ambassador Melanne Verveer
Acknowledgments

1. Introduction: Gender and Women in the Military—Setting the Stage
Robert Egnell and Mayesha Alam

2. Women in UN Peacekeeping Operations
Sabrina Karim

3. Sweden's Implementation of a Gender Perspective: Cutting Edge but Momentum Lost
Robert Egnell

4. The Gender Perspective and Canada's Armed Forces: Internal and External Dimensions of Military Culture
Stéfanie von Hlatky

5. The Role and Impact of Change Catalysts on the Netherlands Defense Organization: Integration of Women and Gender in Operations
Yvette Langenhuizen

6. Women and Gender in the United States Military: A Slow Process of Integration
Brenda Oppermann

7. Women, Gender, and Close Combat Roles in the United Kingdom: "Sluts," "Bitches," and "Honorary Blokes"
Anthony King

8. Are Women Really Equal in the People's Army? A Gender Perspective on the Israel Defence Forces (IDF)
Hanna Herzog

9. The Case of Australia: From "Culture" Reforms to a Culture of Rights
Susan Harris Rimmer

10. Three Waves of Gender Integration: The Causes, Consequences and Implications for the South African Armed Forces
Lindy Heinecken

11. Integrating Gender Perspectives at NATO: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back
Charlotte Isaksson

12. Conclusion
Robert Egnell and Mayesha Alam

List of Contributors
Index