Coerced Contraception?

Moral and Policy Challenges of Long Acting Birth Control

Ellen H. Moskowitz and Bruce Jennings, Editors

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Long-acting and reversible contraceptives, such as Norplant and Depo-Provera, have been praised as highly effective, moderately priced, and generally safe. Yet, as this book argues, the very qualities that make these contraceptives an important alternative for individual choice in family planning also make them a potential tool of coercive social policy. For example, policymakers have linked their use to welfare benefits, and judges, to probation agreements. In this book, authors from the fields of medicine, ethics, law, and the social sciences probe the unique and vexing ethical and policy issues raised by long-acting contraception.

The book offers comprehensive ethical guidelines for health care professionals and policymakers, as well as an ethical framework for analyzing policies and practices concerning long?acting contraceptives. The authors consider cultural, social, and ethical issues pertaining to contraception, and they provide historical and scientific background on today's controversies. They explore alternative conceptual and theoretical frameworks, including analyses of autonomy, coercion, and responsibility in reproductive decisions.

This volume also notes the special concerns that arise when policies promoting long?term birth control target low-income women and women of color, and when these contraceptives are used in developing countries.

Table of Contents

Ellen H. Moskowitz and Bruce Jennings

Part I: Overview and Guidelines
Long-Acting Contraceptives: Ethical Guidelines for Policymakers and Health Care Providers
Ellen H. Moskowitz, Bruce Jennings, and Daniel Callahan

Part II: Long-Acting Contraception in Context
1. Contraceptive Policy and Ethics: Lessons from American History
Kathleen E. Powderly

2. Long-Acting Contraceptives: Rationale, Current Development and Ethical Implications
George F. Brown

Part III: Exploring Conceptual and Theoretical Frameworks
1. The Concept of Coercion and Long-Term Contraceptives
Bonnie Steinbock

2. Norplant and Irresponsible Reproduction
John A. Robertson

3. Reproductive Responsibility and Long-Term Contraceptives
John D. Arras and Jeffrey Blustein

4. Long-Term Contraceptives in the Criminal Justice System

Rebecca Dresser

5. Other "Isms" Aren't Enough: Feminism, Social Policy and Long-Acting Contraception
Hilde Lindemann Nelson and James Lindemann Nelson

Part IV: International Perspectives
1. Cultural Difference and Long-Acting Contraception
Ruth Macklin

2. Ethical Issues in the Importation of Long-Acting Contraceptives to Nigeria
Tola Olu Pearce

3. Long-Acting Contraception in Brazil and the Dominican Republic
Ellen Hardy



Supplemental Materials


About the Author

176 pp., 6 x 9

Sep 1996

176 pp., 6 x 9

ISBN: 978-0-87840-364-6
Sep 1996

176 pp.

ISBN: 978-1-58901-807-5
Sep 1996

Hastings Center Studies in Ethics series
Gregory E. Kaebnick and Daniel Callahan, Series Editors

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