Diplomacy and the Future of World Order

Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall, Editors
Foreword by Ambassador William J. Burns

"[T]he perspectives presented in this volume are broad, and the analysis diverse and considered."
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Three scenarios for future approaches to peace and conflict diplomacy, explored through the lens of regional perspectives and security threats

Diplomacy in pursuit of peace and security faces severe challenges not seen in decades. The reemergence of strong states, discord in the UN Security Council, destabilizing transnational nonstate actors, closing space for civil society within states, and the weakening of the international liberal order all present new obstacles to diplomacy.

In Diplomacy and the Future of World Order, an international group of experts confronts these challenges to peace and conflict diplomacy—defined as the effort to manage others’ conflicts, cope with great power competition, and deal with threats to the state system itself. In doing so, they consider three potential scenarios for world order where key states decide to go it alone, return to a liberal order, or collaborate on a case-by-case basis to address common threats and problems.

These three scenarios are then evaluated through the prism of regional perspectives from around the world and for their potential ramifications for major security threats including peacekeeping, nuclear nonproliferation, cyber competition, and terrorism. Editors Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall conclude the volume by identifying emerging types of diplomacy that may form the foundation for global peacemaking and conflict management in an uncertain future.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Foreword by William J. Burns

Part I:
Peace and Conflict Diplomacy in the Current International Environment

1 A Challenging Time for Peace and Conflict Diplomacy
Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall

2 Grasping Global Problems by Root or by Branch
Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall

3 International Organizations—Down but Not Out
Jean-Marie Guéhenno

Part II:
Regional Perspectives on Discord and Collaboration
4 US Peace and Conflict Diplomacy in a State-Centric World
Hans Binnendijk

5 Europe’s Persistent Gap between Rhetoric and Reality
Ana Palacio

6 A View from Russia on Diplomacy and Conflict Management
Dmitri Trenin

7 Peace and Conflict Diplomacy in Latin America
Marcos Tourinho

8 African Peace and Conflict Diplomacy in Uncertain Times
Solomon Ayele Dersso

9 Resilient Statism in a Changing Middle East
Shadi Hamid

10 Southern Asia’s Realist Future
Kanti Bajpai

11 Can ASEAN’s Institutions Do Preventive Diplomacy?
See Seng Tan

12 Sino-US
Interactions, Past and Future
Chas W. Freeman Jr.

Part III:
Discord and Collaboration on Major Security Threats
13 The Future of UN Peacekeeping and the Rise of China
Lise Morjé Howard

14 Nuclear Nonproliferation at a Crossroads
Toby Dalton

15 Great Power Rivalries in 5G Technology Markets
Stacie Hoffmann, Samantha Bradshaw, and Emily Taylor

16 Terrorism and the Decay of the Liberal Order
Daniel Benjamin

Part IV:
17 Diplomacy and World Order
Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall



"Crocker, Hampson, and Aall have assembled an impressive group of authors to offer a comprehensive assessment of global and regional challenges, with a useful focus on contrasting global scenarios. Their concept of 'peace and conflict diplomacy' is valuable and timely for scholars and practitioners alike."—Anne-Marie Slaughter, CEO, New America, former Director of Policy Planning, US State Department

"A very important book on how the United States should cope with a very different world. Essential for conflict resolution courses."—Roy Licklider, adjunct senior research scholar at the Saltzman Institute for War and Peace Studies and adjunct professor of political science, Columbia University

"A fully absorbing and informative study, "Diplomacy and the Future of World Order" is a timely and seminal study that should be considered as an essential, core addition to community, governmental, college, and university library Contemporary International Diplomacy collections in general, and National/International Security supplemental studies curriculums in particular."—Midwest Book Review

"This collection offers a valuable review of the successes, failures, and potential of international peacemaking and conflict management in the still unnamed post-post-Cold War era."—Foreign Affairs

"[T]he perspectives presented in this volume are broad, and the analysis diverse and considered."—Hague Journal of Diplomacy

"For students and practioners in diplomacy and international relations, the book serves as valuable bridge between post-Cold War thinking and the realities, they find themselves in."—H-Diplo


Pamela Aall, Kanti Bajpai, Daniel Benjamin, Hans Binnendijk, Samantha Bradshaw, William J. Burns, Chester A. Crocker, Toby Dalton, Solomon Ayele Dersso, Chas Freeman Jr., Jean-Marie Guéhenno, Shadi Hamid, Fen Osler Hampson, Stacie Hoffmann, Lise Morjé Howard, Ana Palacio, See Seng Tan, Emily Taylor, Marcos Tourinho, Dmitri Trenin

Supplemental Materials


About the Author

Chester A. Crocker is the James R. Schlesinger Professor of the Practice of Strategic Studies at the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. He previously served as the assistant secretary for the US Department of State’s Bureau of African Affairs.

Fen Osler Hampson is a Chancellor’s Professor and professor of international affairs at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University and president of the World Refugee and Migration Council.

Pamela Aall is a senior advisor for conflict prevention and management at the United States Institute of Peace.

320 pp., 6 x 9
4 figures, 7 tables
ISBN: 978-1-64712-093-1
May 2021

320 pp., 6 x 9
4 figures, 7 tables
ISBN: 978-1-64712-094-8
May 2021

320 pp.
4 figures, 7 tables
ISBN: 978-1-64712-095-5
May 2021

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