Intelligence Elsewhere

Spies and Espionage Outside the Anglosphere

Philip H. J. Davies and Kristian C. Gustafson, Editors

"Provides a good collection of chapters . . . that differ from the majority of literature. . . . A solid introduction."
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Spying, the “world’s second oldest profession,” is hardly limited to the traditional great power countries. Intelligence Elsewhere, nevertheless, is the first scholarly volume to deal exclusively with the comparative study of national intelligence outside of the anglosphere and European mainstream. Past studies of intelligence and counterintelligence have tended to focus on countries such as the United States, Great Britain, and Russia, as well as, to a lesser extent, Canada, Australia, France, and Germany. This volume examines the deep historical and cultural origins of intelligence in several countries of critical importance today: India, China, the Arab world, and indeed, Russia, the latter examined from a fresh perspective. The authors then delve into modern intelligence practice in countries with organizations significantly different from the mainstream: Iran, Pakistan, Japan, Finland, Sweden, Indonesia, Argentina, and Ghana.

With contributions by leading intelligence experts for each country, the chapters give the reader important insights into intelligence culture, current practice, and security sector reform. As the world morphs into an increasingly multi-polar system, it is more important than ever to understand the national intelligence systems of rising powers and regional powers that differ significantly from those of the US, its NATO allies, and its traditional opponents. This fascinating book shines new light into intelligence practices in regions that, until now, have eluded our understanding.

Table of Contents

Part I: Introduction and Theory
1. An Agenda for the Comparative Study of Intelligence: Yet Another Missing Dimension
Philip H. J. Davies and Kristian C. Gustafson
2. Political Culture: Approaches and Prospects
Stephen Welch

Part II: Intelligence Culture outside the Anglosphere
3. Subversive Information: The Historical Thrust of Chinese Intelligence
Ralph D. Sawyer
4. The Original Surveillance State: Kautilya’s Arthashastra and Government by Espionage in Classical India
Philip H. J. Davies
5. Protecting the New Rome: Byzantine Influences on Russian Intelligence
Kristian C. Gustafson
6. Origins of an Arab and Islamic Intelligence Culture
Aziz Al-Asmari

Part III: Current Practice and Theory
7. Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence
Rob Johnson
8. Iranian Intelligence Organizations
Carl Anthony Wege
9. Intelligence and Security-Sector Reform in Indonesia
Peter Gill and Lee Wilson
10. A Reconstruction of Japanese Intelligence: Issues and Prospects
Ken Kotani
11. The Processes and Mechanisms of Developing a Democratic Intelligence Culture in Ghana
Emmanluel Kwesi Aning, Emma Birikorang, and Ernest Ansah Lartey
12. Intelligence Community Reforms: The Case of Argentina
Eduardo E. Estévez
13. Sweden: Intelligence the Middle Way
Wilhelm Agrell
14. Intelligence Culture, Economic Espionage, and the Finnish Security Intelligence Service
Lauri Holmström

Part IV: Conclusion
15. Legacies, Identities, Improvisation, and Innovations of Intelligence
Philip H. J. Davies and Kristian C. Gustafson




"The book is a fine contribution to the field of intelligence studies and would be of interest to a wide variety of readers."—Choice

"Well-sourced and precise in its assertions . . . for students and practitioners of intelligence, this will be a valuable addition to their collection. It is also worth mentioning that many of these case studies could stand alone as primers or reference material on individual countries and intelligence services."—Parameters

"Provides a good collection of chapters . . . that differ from the majority of literature. . . . A solid introduction."—Intelligence and National Security

"A fantastic compendium on intelligence outside the Anglosphere. Required reading for all students of intelligence."—Michael S. Goodman, senior lecturer, King's College London

"Intelligence Elsewhere is a unique blend of historical and cultural analysis of the diverse foreign intelligence services that stand outside the well-known Anglo-American relationship. It reminds us that in many parts of the world, intelligence not only reflects the societies in which it operates but also shapes the way those countries perceive their interests and world."—Roger George, professor of national security strategy, National War College


Wilhelm Agrell Emmanuel Kwesi Aning Abdulaziz A. Al-Asmari Emma Birikorang Philip H. J. Davies Eduardo E. Estévez Peter Gill Kristian C. Gustafson Lauri Holmström Robert Johnson Ken Kotani Ernest Ansah Lartey Ralph D. Sawyer Carl Anthony Wege Stephen Welch Lee Wilson

Supplemental Materials


About the Author

Philip H. J. Davies is a senior lecturer and director of Brunel University's Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies in the United Kingdom.

Kristian C. Gustafson is a lecturer and deputy director of Brunel University's Centre for Intelligence and Security Studies.

320 pp., 6 x 9
1 table
Mar 2013

320 pp., 6 x 9
1 table
ISBN: 978-1-58901-956-0
Mar 2013

320 pp.
1 table
ISBN: 978-1-58901-957-7
Mar 2013

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