Megan Bradley, James Milner, and Blair Peruniak, Editors
How are refugee crises solved? This has become an urgent question as global displacement rates continue to climb, and refugee situations now persist for years if not decades. The resolution of displacement and the conflicts that force refugees from their homes is often explained as a top-down process led and controlled by governments and international organizations. This book takes a different approach. Through contributions from scholars working in politics, anthropology, law, sociology and philosophy, and a wide range of case studies, it explores the diverse ways in which refugees themselves interpret, create and pursue solutions to their plight. It investigates the empirical and normative significance of refugees’ engagement as agents in these processes, and their implications for research, policy and practice. This book speaks both to academic debates and to the broader community of peacebuilding, humanitarian and human rights scholars concerned with the nature and dynamics of agency in contentious political contexts, and identifies insights that can inform policy and practice.
Introduction: Shaping the Struggles of Their Times
Megan Bradley, James Milner and Blair Peruniak
Part I: Refugees and Resolution Processes: Disciplinary Perspectives
1. Durable Solutions and the Political Action of Refugees
2. Refugees, Peacebuilding, and the Anthropology of the Good
3. Displacement Resolution and “Massively Shared Agency”
4. Transformative Justice and Legal Conscientization: Refugee Participation in Peace Processes, Repatriation, and Reconciliation
Part II: Pursing Peace and Social Reconstruction: Displaced Persons’ Roles
5. Complex Victimhood and Social Reconstruction after War and Displacement
6. Refugees, Peacebuilding, and Paternalism: Lessons from Mozambique
7. Displaced Persons as Symbols of Grievance: Collective Identity, Individual Rights and Durable Solutions
Part III: Seeking “Solutions” to Displacement within and beyond Traditional Frameworks
8. Shunning Solidarity: Durable Solutions in a Fluid Era
Loren B. Landau
9. “Grabbing” Solutions: Internal Displacement and Post-Disaster Land Occupations in Haiti
10. From IDPs to Victims in Colombia: Reflections on Durable Solutions in the Postconflict Setting
Julieta Lemaitre and Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
11. Refugees’ Roles in Resettlement from Uganda and Tanzania: Agency, Intersectionality, and Relationships
Christina Clark-Kazak and Marnie Jane Thomson
12. Liberian Refugee Protest and the Meaning of Agency
13. From Roots to Rhizomes: Mapping Rhizomatic Strategies in the Sahrawi and Palestinian Protracted Refugee Situations
Conclusion: Where Do We Go from Here?
James Milner, Megan Bradley, and Blair Peruniak
List of References
List of Contributors
"With displacement at record high levels, it has never been more important to find lasting solutions for refugees and displaced persons. This important volume provides valuable perspective on the role that refugees themselves play in forging solutions. With contributions from some of the most experienced and innovative researchers in the refugee field, it is bound to be useful to academics, policymakers and practitioners alike."—Susan Martin, Donald G. Herzberg Professor Emerita of International Migration, Georgetown University
"This work, grounded in critical theoretical debates and informed by migrants and refugees' experiences to mobilize and influence policies, constitutes a timely addition to our knowledge about the pace at which refugees and migrants are changing the rules of the game whereas the guardians of the migration global governance architecture are trapped in the past."—Salim Salamah, founding member, Network for Refugee Voices
"At a time when official ‘solutions’ have largely disappeared, the editors have collected a treasure trove of analyses, tactics, and approaches to resolving displacement, designed largely by refugees and IDPs themselves. The volume fosters rich and original interdisciplinary research that highlights the decisions refugees take and their vital roles in peacebuilding."—Jennifer Hyndman, Professor and Director, Centre for Refugees Studies, York University
"On the whole, what we have at hand is a great scholarly work that serves [as] a much needed and unique contribution to the literature that also helps enrich several relevant disciplines."—Nordic Journal of Migration Research
Megan Bradley is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science and at the Institute for the Study of International Development at McGill University.
James Milner is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science at Carleton University.
Blair Peruniak is a doctoral candidate in the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford.
321 pp., 6 x 9
321 pp., 6 x 9