The National Security Enterprise

Navigating the Labyrinth

Roger Z. George and Harvey Rishikof, Editors

"A first-rate addition to the literature and an equally important classroom tool. The National Security Enterprise provides the best one-volume compilation I've seen for understanding intelligence, its internal processes, and the environment in which it operates."
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This second edition of The National Security Enterprise provides practitioners’ insights into the operation, missions, and organizational cultures of the principal national security agencies and other institutions that shape the US national security decision-making process. Unlike some textbooks on American foreign policy, it offers analysis from insiders who have worked at the National Security Council, the State and Defense Departments, the intelligence community, and the other critical government entities. The book explains how organizational missions and cultures create the labyrinth in which a coherent national security policy must be fashioned. Understanding and appreciating these organizations and their cultures is essential for formulating and implementing it. Taking into account the changes introduced by the Obama administration, the second edition includes four new or entirely revised chapters (Congress, Department of Homeland Security, Treasury, and USAID) and updates to the text throughout. It covers changes instituted since the first edition was published in 2011, implications of the government campaign to prosecute leaks, and lessons learned from more than a decade of war in Afghanistan and Iraq. This up-to-date book will appeal to students of US national security and foreign policy as well as career policymakers.

Table of Contents

Foreword to the First Edition by Lt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft, USAF (Ret.)


Introduction: The National Security Enterprise: Institutions, Cultures, and Politics
Roger Z. George and Harvey Rishikof

Part I. The Interagency Process

1. History of the Interagency Process for Foreign Relations in the United States: Murphy’s Law?
Jon J. Rosenwasser and Michael Warner

2. The Evolution of the NSC Process
David P. Auerswald

3. The Office of Management and Budget: The President’s Policy Tool
Gordon Adams, Rodney Bent, and Kathleen Peroff

Part II. Key Policy Players

4. The State Department: Culture as Interagency Destiny?
Marc Grossman

5. The US Agency for International Development: More Operator than Policymaker
Desaix Myers

6. The Office of the Secretary of Defense
Joseph McMillan and Franklin C. Miller

7 The Military: Forging a Joint Warrior Culture
Michael J. Meese and Isaiah Wilson III

8. The Department of the Treasury: Brogues on the Ground
Dina Temple-Raston and Harvey Rishikof

Part III. Intelligence and Law Enforcement

9. Office of the Director of National Intelligence: From Pariah and Piñata to Managing Partner
Thomas Fingar

10 Central Intelligence Agency: The President’s Own
Roger Z. George

11. The Evolving FBI: Becoming a New National Security Enterprise Asset
Harvey Rishikof and Brittany Albaugh

12. The Department of Homeland Security: Civil Protection and Resilience
Susan Ginsburg

Part IV. The President’s Partners and Rivals
13. Congress: The Other Branch
David P. Auerswald and Colton C. Campbell

14. The US Supreme Court: The Cult of the Robe in the National Security Enterprise
Harvey Rishikof

Part V. The Outside Players
15. Lobbyists: When US National Security and Special Interests Compete
Gerald Felix Warburg

16. Think Tanks: Supporting Cast Players in the National Security Enterprise
Ellen Laipson

17. The Media: Witness to the National Security Enterprise
John M. Diamond

Conclusion: Navigating the Labyrinth of the National Security Enterprise
Harvey Rishikof and Roger Z. George

List of Contributors



"A first-rate addition to the literature and an equally important classroom tool. The National Security Enterprise provides the best one-volume compilation I've seen for understanding intelligence, its internal processes, and the environment in which it operates."—International Journal of Intelligence & Counter Intelligence, reviewing a previous edition or volume

"Edited by two of Washington's most experienced academic observers and policy practitioners, The National Security Enterprise is the 'go-to' source to understand how U.S. national security policy is made and implemented. It is insightful, comprehensive, and up to date."—Robert Art, Christian A. Herter Professor of International Relations, Brandeis University

"This impressive volume provides a comprehensive and insightful overview of the vast and complicated machinery of national security policymaking. It is unique in focusing on factors that are so often left out of policy analysis: the institutional players, their interests, and their interactions. It will be indispensable for those seeking to understand how national security decisions are made and implemented."—Steven Miller, Harvard University, Editor-in-Chief of International Security

"This updated edition couldn't be more timely or valuable. As renewed Great Power rivalry, economic nationalism, regional insecurity and technological advances transform the international landscape, the need for thoughtful renovation of U.S. national security decision-making is greater than ever. Drawing on the deep experience of many of the best American national security practitioners, with a thorough grasp of different bureaucratic cultures, this book is a terrific guide."—William Burns, President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and former Deputy Secretary of State


Supplemental Materials


About the Author

Roger Z. George is the professor of national security practice at Occidental College and formerly professor of national security studies at the National War College from 2009 to 2015. He was also previously an adjunct professor for Georgetown University's Security Studies Program. During his thirty-year career as a CIA analyst, he also served at the State and Defense Departments and was the national intelligence officer for Europe. He is coeditor with James B. Bruce of Analyzing Intelligence: National Security Practitioners' Perspectives, 2nd edition, published in 2011.

Harvey Rishikof was formerly the dean of faculty and professor of law and national security at the National War College. He has written and lectured widely in the areas of national security, civil and military courts, terrorism, international law, civil liberties, and constitutional law. He has held senior positions in the federal judiciary, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, and the FBI. He has been the chairman of the American Bar Association’s standing committee on law and national security.

440 pp., 7 x 10
14 boxes, 11 figures, 8 tables
ISBN: 978-1-62616-439-0
Jul 2017

440 pp., 7 x 10
14 boxes, 11 figures, 8 tables
ISBN: 978-1-62616-440-6
Jul 2017

440 pp.
14 boxes, 11 figures, 8 tables
ISBN: 978-1-62616-441-3
Jul 2017

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